英语假设句子怎么表达

分类:文案句子 1


1. 英语中的假设句是怎么回事


1. 虚拟语气用来表示假想,而不表示客观存在的事实,所说的是一个条件,不一定是事实,或与事实相反。虚拟语气通过谓语动词的特殊形式来表示。英语中的语气分为陈述语气、祈使语气、虚拟语气三类。虚拟语气表示说话者所说的话并非事实,或难以实现的,甚至表达相反的概念。另外表示主观愿望或表达某种强烈的感情时,也用虚拟语气。

2. 虚拟语气表示说话人的主观愿望、猜疑、建议或与事实不符的假设等,而不表示客观存在的事实。虚拟语气是由句中的谓语从句的特殊形式表示出来的。如:

If I were a bird,I would be able to fly in the air.

如果我是一只小鸟,我就能在空中飞行。

I wish I could pass the examination.

我希望我能通过考试。

May you succeed!

祝你成功!

If only we had been college students last year!

上一年我们要是大学生该多好!

3. 应用条件

在表示假想的虚假的、与事实相反的或难以实现的情况时用虚拟语气,表示主观愿望或某种强烈情感时,也用虚拟语气。即当一个人说话时欲强调其所说的话是基于自己的主观想法,愿望,假想,猜测,怀疑或建议,而不是根据客观实际,就用虚拟语气。主要是英语语法的一种表达。

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2. 英语中假设有几类


英语中表示假设的句子主要是虚拟语气,其表示方式有:

1.以if条件从句为虚拟语气标志:

与现在事实相反 从句时态用一般过去时(be用were),主句用过去将来时

例如:If I were you, I would finish homework first.

与过去事实相反 从句用过去完成时,主句用过去将来完成时

例如:If I had gone there, I would have bought two tickets.

与将来事实相反 从句用一般过去时或过去将来时,主句用过去将来时

例如:If he had/would have time, he would come to your birthday party tomorrow.

2.以even if/though让步从句为虚拟语气标志 主从句时态同if条件从句相同

例如:He might give you more help, even though he were/was very busy.

3.以as if/though引导的表语从句或状语从句为虚拟语气标志 主从句时态同if条件从句相同

例如:It seems as if he had known the news.

4.以wish后的宾语从句为虚拟语气标志

与现在事实相反 从句时态用一般过去时(be用were)

例如:I do wish I knew more about the subject.

与过去事实相反 从句用过去完成时

例如:I wish I had seen you yesterday.

与将来事实相反 从句用过去将来时

例如:I wish you wouldn't smoke any more.


3. 英语中如何区分虚拟语态或假设性的句子


语气是以动词形式表现出来的语法特征,它表示说话人对事物所持的态度。

1)陈述语气:用来陈述事实的,有肯定,否定,疑问或感叹等形式。She is very clever.What fun it is to swim in the lake!Why don't you join an English language club to practice speaking English? 2) 祈使语气: 用来表示请求,命令或劝告等。

Don't be late for the meeting.3)虚拟语气::表示所说的内容与事实不符,不是事实或是不可能发生的,只是一种愿望,建议或与事实相反的假设等。真实条件句 真实条件句用于陈述语气,假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是如果的意思。

时态关系句型: 条件从句 主句一般现在时 shall/will + 动词原形 If he comes, he will bring his violin.典型例题 The volleyball match will be put off if it ___. A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rained 答案B。真实条件句主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时。

非真实(虚拟)条件句 1)时态:可以表示过去,现在和将来的情况。它的基本特点是时态退后。

a.同现在事实相反的假设。句型 : 条件从句 主句 一般过去时 should( would) +动词原形If they were here, they would help you.b.表示与过去事实相反的假设。

句型: 条件从句 主句 过去完成时 should(would) have+ 过去分词If she had worked harder, she would have succeeded. The rice would not have been burnt if you had been more careful. If my lawyer had been here last Saturday, he would have prevented me fromgoing. If he had come yesterday, I should / would have told him about it.含义:He did not come yesterday, so I did not tell him about it.If he had not been ill and missed many classes, he would have made greaterprogress.含义: He was ill and missed many lessons, so he did not make greater progress. c. 表示对将来的假想 句型: 条件从句 主句一般过去时 should+ 动词原形were+ 不定式 would + 动词原形should+ 动词原形 If you succeeded, everything would be all right. If you should succeed, everything would be all right. If you were to succeed, everything would be all right.wish的用法 用于wish后面的从句,表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望。其宾语从句的动词形式为:真实状况 wish后 从句动作先于主句动词动作 现在时 过去时(be的过去式为 were) 从句动作与主句动作同时发生 过去时 过去完成时(had + 过去分词) 将来不大可能实现的愿望 将来时 would/could + 动词原形 I wish I were as tall as you. 我希望和你一样高。

He wished he hadn't said that. 他希望他没讲那样的话。 I wish it would rain tomorrow. 我希望明天下雨就好了。


4. 书面表达


Last Saturday we visited a hope school. It was a great way to know some other children's life. We

had a party with the students there. We also helped them clean up their classrooms. The head teacher told

us some stories about some hardworking students who are from very poor families. And in order to raise

money for them, we held a big sale in our school playground the next day. We raised a lot of money. I

think being a volunteer is really great and I would like to help more people.


5. 作假设的句子


假设关系:如果(假使、倘若、要是)……就……;即使(就是、尽管、就算、哪怕)……也……一般用表示假设的关联词造的句子就是假设关系的句子。还有的没有关联词。但句子意思表示未发生却被设想出的也是假设关系。

如果明天下雨,那么郊游取消

如果明天下雨,春游还是照常进行

假设我参加了这个造句 那我一定能得到经验!

假设我能看透别人的内心,我一定要了解他们都在想什么

假如我有足够的人手 一定先去掀翻六中食堂

假如没有假如 一定没有这个贴

假如我有世人不可阻挡的力量,我一定会为贴吧除掉一爱发水贴的货害:李敖

假如我能号召奥特曼、比格拉斯、阿波罗、本·拉登、赛亚人、撒旦、卡扎菲···等众大神,我一定能把赵建整的连渣都不剩

假设我是国家主席 那就公布全国学生10年不用上学

假设我用假设这两个字造一个跟假设有关的句子我该怎么把假设这两个字带进去呢


6. 英语中如何区分虚拟语态或假设性的句子


语气是以动词形式表现出来的语法特征,它表示说话人对事物所持的态度。

1)陈述语气:用来陈述事实的,有肯定,否定,疑问或感叹等形式。She is very clever.What fun it is to swim in the lake!Why don't you join an English language club to practice speaking English? 2) 祈使语气: 用来表示请求,命令或劝告等。

Don't be late for the meeting.3)虚拟语气::表示所说的内容与事实不符,不是事实或是不可能发生的,只是一种愿望,建议或与事实相反的假设等。真实条件句 真实条件句用于陈述语气,假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是如果的意思。

时态关系句型: 条件从句 主句一般现在时 shall/will + 动词原形 If he comes, he will bring his violin.典型例题 The volleyball match will be put off if it ___. A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rained 答案B。真实条件句主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时。

非真实(虚拟)条件句 1)时态:可以表示过去,现在和将来的情况。它的基本特点是时态退后。

a.同现在事实相反的假设。句型 : 条件从句 主句 一般过去时 should( would) +动词原形If they were here, they would help you.b.表示与过去事实相反的假设。

句型: 条件从句 主句 过去完成时 should(would) have+ 过去分词If she had worked harder, she would have succeeded. The rice would not have been burnt if you had been more careful. If my lawyer had been here last Saturday, he would have prevented me fromgoing. If he had come yesterday, I should / would have told him about it.含义:He did not come yesterday, so I did not tell him about it.If he had not been ill and missed many classes, he would have made greaterprogress.含义: He was ill and missed many lessons, so he did not make greater progress. c. 表示对将来的假想 句型: 条件从句 主句一般过去时 should+ 动词原形were+ 不定式 would + 动词原形should+ 动词原形 If you succeeded, everything would be all right. If you should succeed, everything would be all right. If you were to succeed, everything would be all right.wish的用法 用于wish后面的从句,表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望。其宾语从句的动词形式为:真实状况 wish后 从句动作先于主句动词动作 现在时 过去时(be的过去式为 were) 从句动作与主句动作同时发生 过去时 过去完成时(had + 过去分词) 将来不大可能实现的愿望 将来时 would/could + 动词原形 I wish I were as tall as you. 我希望和你一样高。

He wished he hadn't said that. 他希望他没讲那样的话。 I wish it would rain tomorrow. 我希望明天下雨就好了。