1.The Temple of Heaven （天坛） is the largest intact alter temple（坛庙） of China. The Temple of Heaven used to be a place where emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties worshiped and offered sacrifices to Heaven（祭天）to pray for good harvests and fine rain（五谷丰登、风调雨顺）.
2.The Fragrant Hill（香山）looks very much like a censer（香炉）， often girdled （环绕） by wisps of spiraling （缭绕） mist as if it were giving out incense-smoke hence it was called the “Censer Hill”（“香炉山”）. Later, it was shortened as the “Fragrant Hill”.
3.The Beihai Park （北海公园） is located to the west of the Jingshan Park （景山公园） . The existence of the park can be traced back to the mid-eleventh century when a temporary royal residence named “Yaoyu”（瑶屿） was built here during the Liao Dynasty.
4.故宫（Former Imperial Palace），也称紫禁城（Purple Forbidden City），位于北京市的中心，是明清两朝的皇宫。
译：Located in the center of Beijing, the Former Imperial Palace , also known as the Purple Forbidden City , was the royal palace for the Ming and Qing dynasties.
5.天安门广场（Tiananmen Square ） 位于北京市的中轴线（central axis）上，是北京的标志性建筑（symbolic architecture）.
译：Located on the central axis of Beijing, the Tiananmen Square is the symbolic architecture of Beijing.
6. 颐和园（Summer Palace）是清朝皇家用的避暑行宫（summer resort）， 是中国现存规模最大、保存最为完好的古代园林建筑。
译：Being a summer resort of the Qing royal family, the Summer Palace is the most intact ,the best preserved and the largest of its kind of the classical gardens in China.
The Spring Festival
Far and away the most important holiday in China is Spring Festival, also known as the Chinese New Year. To the Chinese people it is as important as Christmas to people in the West. The dates for this annual celebration are determined by the lunar calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar, so the timing of the holiday varies from late January to early February.
To the ordinary Chinese, the festival actually begins on the eve of the lunar New Year's Day and ends on the fifth day of the first month of the lunar calendar. But the 15th of the first month, which normally is called the Lantern Festival, means the official end of the Spring Festival in many parts of the country. 2
Spring Festival is the most importantand popular festival in China.Before Spring Festival ,the people usually clean and decorate their houses.And they go to the Flower Fairs to buy some flowers.During Spring Festival ,the adults usually give lucky money to children.People often get together and have a big meal.Some people eat dumpling for dinner.
Our country is an old country with about five thousand years history so it has been attracting so many foreign tourists or students to come here to explore our history. Unlike other countries, China has experienced many dynasties and its culture has spread home and abroad . In terms of character, it has developed so much that we can hardly grasp every one of them though we are Chinese, let alone foreigners. So this has made so many foreigners much interested in it . Chinese Kun-fu is also impressive in the world .。
In the north of China, there lies a 6,700-kilometer-long (4,161-mile-long) ancient wall. Now well-known as the Great Wall of China, it starts at the Jiayuguan Pass of Gansu Province in the west and ends at the Shanhaiguan Pass of Hebei Province in the east. As one of the Eight Wonders in the world, the Great Wall of China has become the symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture. Lots of beautiful legends and stories about the Great Wall took place following along the construction, and since that time these stories have spread around the country. Those that happened during construction are abundant, such as Meng Jiangnu's story and the legend of the Jiayuguan Pass. Meng Jiangnu's story is the most famous and widely spread of all the legends about the Great Wall. The story happened during the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC). It tells of how Meng Jiangnu's bitter weeping made a section of the Great Wall collapse. Meng Jiangnu's husband Fan Qiliang was caught by federal officials and sent to build the Great Wall. Meng Jiangnu heard nothing from him after his departure, so she set out to look for him. Unfortunately, by the time she reached the great wall, she discovered that her husband had already died. Hearing the bad news, she cried her heart out. Her howl caused the collapse of a part of the Great Wall. This story indicates that the Great Wall is the production of tens of thousands of Chinese commoners. Another legend about the Jiayuguan Pass tells of a workman named Yi Kaizhan in the Ming Dynasty (1368BC-1644BC) who was proficient in arithmetic. He calculated that it would need 99,999 bricks to build the Jiayuguan Pass. The supervisor did not believe him and said if they miscalculated by even one brick, then all the workmen would be punished to do hard work for three years. After the completion of the project, one brick was left behind the Xiwong city gate. The supervisor was happy at the sight of the brick and ready to punish them. However Yi Kaizhan said with deliberation that the brick was put there by a supernatural being to fix the wall. A tiny move would cause the collapse of the wall. Therefore the brick was kept there and never moved. It can still be found there today on the tower of the Jiayuguan Pass. In addition to the above-mentioned stories about the construction of the Great Wall, there are also plenty of stories about current scenic spots. A famous one is the legend of the Beacon Tower. This story happened during the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-711 BC). King You had a queen named Bao Si, who was very pretty. King You liked her very much, however Bao Si never smiled. An official gave a suggestion that setting the beacon tower on fire would frighten the King's subjects, and might make the queen smile. King You liked the idea. The subjects were fooled and Bao Si smiled at the sight of the chaos. Later enemies invaded Western Zhou, King You set the beacon tower on fire to ask for help. No subjects came to help because they had been fooled once before. Thus, King Zhou was killed by the enemy and Western Zhou came to an end. Beautiful stories and legends about the Great Wall help to keep alive Chinese history and culture. In each dynasty after the building of the Great Wall, many more stories were created and spread.。
Handwriting is an esencial element for people who wants to have a great place in his officaldom. Handwriting is also a special sort of Chinese art, it expresses the author's expressions in a nonfigurative way. it is popular in all artists in China. Handwriting has many expresive way to show its form. China is famous for its china production, so its name follows it. Chinese chinas cost too much and looks nice, and many collectors love to collect that. when you talk about Chinese culture, first of all, you will image the Great Inventions. They are both familiar with all the people in the world for its great effeciency. The Great Inventions help people around the world live a culture life from they have been invented. The paper records the information generation by generation. The printing technology access the speed of knowlege spreading. The compass advanced the sailing career. The gunpowder supposed a new kind of fuel in technology fields.。
For most of the Chinese people,when they have a heart-to-heart talk with their good friends,they would like to be hand-in-hand and shoulder-by-shoulder.But for American people,they will have a physical distance of 0.45 to 1.2 meters when talking to each other.In China,we usually keep a distance within 1 meter from the general acquaintances.But in America,they will keep 1.2 to 3.5 meters from a general acquaintance. If a stranger touches a Chinese,the Chinese will think that it is very common.But American people will think that he is offended.From the above,yopu can see that there is great difference between Chinese culture and American culture。
Culture of China The Culture of China is home to one of the world's oldest and most complex civilizations. China boasts a history rich in over 5,000 years of artistic, philosophical, political, and scientific advancement. Though regional differences provide a sense of diversity, commonalities in language and religion connect a culture distinguished by such significant contributions such as Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of Imperial China's history and strongly influenced other countries in East Asia. Mastery of Confucian texts provided the primary criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy. With the rise of Western economic and military power beginning in the mid-19th century, Western systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. Some of these would-be reformers rejected China's cultural legacy, while others sought to combine the strengths of Chinese and Western cultures. China is a unified nation consisting of many different ethnic groups. Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family. Because the Han people accounts for more than ninety percent of China's population, the remaining fifty-five groups are generally referred to as "ethnic minorities." Next to the majority Han, the Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, and Uygur peoples comprise the largest ethnic groups. Although China's ethnic minorities do not account for a large portion of the population, they are distributed over a vast area, residing in every corner of China. Particularly since the implementation of China's opening and reform policy, the central government has increased investment in minority areas and accelerated their opening to the outside world. This has resulted in an upsurge of economic development in these areas. Each of China's ethnic minority groups possesses a distinctive culture. The Chinese government respects minority customs, and works to preserve, study, and collate the cultural artifacts of China's ethnic minority groups. The government vigorously supports the development of minority culture and the training of minority cultural workers, and fosters the development of traditional minority medicine. The relation among China's ethnic groups can be described as "overall integration, local concentration, mutual interaction." Concentrations of ethnic minorities reside within predominantly Han areas, and the Han people also reside in minority areas, indicating that there has been extensive exchanges among China's ethnic groups since ancient times. With the development of the market economy, interaction among ethnic groups has become even more active in the areas of government, economics, culture, daily life, and marriage. Linked by interdependence, mutual assistance, and joint development, their common goals and interests creating a deep sense of solidarity, China's ethnic groups resemble a great national family, together building Chinese civilization.。
Dragon Robe （龙袍）
Even though the dragon is an imaginary animal, it was long regarded as a god in China and was loved and respected as the highest symbol of good luck in the animal kingdom. The dragon thus became a symbol representing the dignity of Emperor, who was considered to be the ruler of the earth.
Dragon Robe has nine, five-clawed, two-horned dragons The dragons are surrounded by lots of clouds. These clouds look like a kind of mushroom called ling zhi mushrooms, so they are called ling zhi clouds. They are an auspicious symbol of perrenial youth.
In China, yellow dragon robes are reserved for the Emporer and his family